If you read and listen every day, your reading and listening skills can improve rather fast. You can learn quickly and after some time you will not have to translate into your own language. You will simply understand.
When you listen to people in your native language, you do not translate. You simply understand. The same has to be in English. When you learn English, you have to learn the whole sentences in context.
You also have to hear every new word 5 to 10 times if you want to remember it. If you read and hear the same words again and again, you will understand them and remember them.